Nonbelievers are so bound in the sphere of sin, the world (Eph. 2:12), the flesh (Rom. 8:8), and the devil (1 John 5:19) as to be unable to respond to spiritual stimuli; totally devoid of spiritual life. The spiritually dead have no ability to make themselves alive.
Only through a union with Jesus Christ can those hopelessly dead in their sins receive eternal life. Believer’s sins are all put to Christ’s account, nailed to His cross as He paid the penalty in their place, for them, thus satisfying the just wrath of God against crimes requiring punishment in full.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Colossians 2:13,14.
It is important for us as believers to understand what happened on the cross, and that it was of supreme significance. Jesus’ crucifixion on a tree is far more than simply the site of a Jewish man’s execution-this was the solution to mankind’s biggest problem: sin and the resulting alienation from God. The crucifixion of Jesus is the divine transaction that saves us. Only the blood of Christ can cleanse us from sin and reconcile us to the Father.
Although the Jews and the Romans viewed the crucifixion as the execution of a criminal, God saw the death of His Son as the perfect atoning sacrifice, which allowed for the justification of sinful mankind.
Commentary from the In Touch devotional by Charles Stanley, May 18, 2020.
Justified-to be declared righteous, by His blood-through His violent, substitutionary death. Christ bore the full fury of God’s wrath in the believing sinner’s place, and there is none left for him (see Romans 8:1, and 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 5:9).
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Romans 3:24; 5:9.
Paul used the style of Hebrew superlatives to emphasize the twofold effect of gospel preaching. To some, the message brings eternal life and ultimate glorification. To others, it is a stumbling stone of offense that brings eternal death. No one in his own strength is adequate or competent to serve God in the ways and with the power that Paul has been describing.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for 2 Corinthians 2:16.
A believer’s unregenerate self – “our old man”. The Greek word for “old” does not refer to something old in years but to something that is worn out and useless. Paul uses the term “body” and “flesh” to refer to sinful propensities that are intertwined with physical weaknesses and pleasures. But the term “flesh” is not equivalent to the physical body, which can be an instrument of holiness.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Romans 6:6.