The prodigal son evidently took his share in liquid assets, and left, abandoning his father, and heading into a life of iniquity. His life became not one of merely wasteful extravagance, but also wanton immorality (Luke 15:30). The Greek word for “prodigal” means “dissolute” and conveys the idea of an utterly debauched lifestyle. The main feature of this parable, however, is the joy of God and the celebrations that fill heaven when a sinner repents.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Luke 15:13.
This signifies a great struggle against conflict. Entering through the narrow gate is difficult because of its cost in terms of human pride, because of the sinner’s natural love for sin, and because of the world’s and Satan’s opposition to the truth.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Luke 13:24.
Apart from John 9:31, also see: Job 27:9 and 35:12; Psalm 18:41; Proverbs 1:28, 15:29, and 28:9; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 11:11 and 14:12; Ezekiel 8:18; Micah 3:4; Zechariah 7:13; and James 5:16.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, references for John 9:31.
“Do and live” is the promise of the law. But since no sinner can obey perfectly, the impossible demands of the law are meant to drive us to seek divine mercy (Galatians 3:10-13,22-25).
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Luke 10:28.
And whenever you stand praying,
if you have anything against anyone, forgive him,
that your Father in heaven may also
forgive you your trespasses.
But if you do not forgive,
neither will your Father in heaven
forgive your trespasses.
“Anything against anyone”- An all-inclusive statement that includes both sins and simple dislikes, which cause the believer to hold something against another person. “Anyone” incorporates believers and unbelievers.
“Forgive”- Jesus states the believer’s ongoing duty to have a forgiving attitude. Successful prayer requires forgiveness as well as faith.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Mark 11:25.
A believer’s unregenerate self – “our old man”. The Greek word for “old” does not refer to something old in years but to something that is worn out and useless. Paul uses the term “body” and “flesh” to refer to sinful propensities that are intertwined with physical weaknesses and pleasures. But the term “flesh” is not equivalent to the physical body, which can be an instrument of holiness.
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Romans 6:6.
Adam’s sin brought universal death – exactly opposite the result he expected and Satan had promised: “You will be like God” (Genesis 3:5). Christ’s sacrifice brought salvation to those who believe Him. Unlike Adam’s act, Christ’s act has – and will – accomplish exactly what He intended (Philippians 1:6), i.e., spiritual life (Ephesians 2:5).
Commentary from the MacArthur study Bible, notes for Romans 5:17.
The Law was not meant as a means to self-righteousness, but a means to self-condemnation, pointing man to his sin, leading to conviction, repentance, and pleading to God for mercy.
Commentary from notes for 1 Timothy 1:9, the MacArthur study Bible.